We continue our conversation with Dr. David Osher of the American Institutes for Research, delving deeper into the CBAM approach to school culture change. Dr Osher describes a study he and colleagues conducted, following every student who had been suspended in New York City over ten years. The study confirmed that exclusionary suspension has damaging impacts throughout a student’s academic career and beyond and has damaging impact on other students in the student’s classes as well.


00:00-00:47 Intro

00:47-10:13 CBAM (Concerns Based Adoption Model)

10:13- 20:34 Impacts of exclusionary discipline on suspended students

20:34-24:17 Need to systematically create alternatives

24:17-29:11 Impact of exclusionary discipline on other students

29:11-30:18 Meaning-making

30:18- Outro


Click here to see the full transcription of this episode.


Listen to the first part of this interview: “The right to thrive: Expanding our definition of equity”

Soundtrack by Poddington Bear

Image from the Dalai Lama Center for Peace and Education YouTube channel